Monday, January 9, 2012
Fiqh4Sisters2: Rulings related to al Haydh(and Nifaas)
الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله
Assalamu alaikum sisters
أحكام تختص المؤمنات في مسائل الحيض والاستحاضة
Rulings related to Muslim women in issues of Haydh and al Istihaadhah
O Muslim sister know, that the blood of the women is of 3 types:
1. one that is a habit: Scenario: A woman who gets her monthly period for 6 or 7 days. So, she knows that her period is going to last 6 or 7 days.
2. not fixed days but she knows that it is her period : Scenario: a woman gets her period 5 days this month, 6 days another, 7 days another.
3. istihaadha: Scenario: the sister gets her period for 7 days but then she gets continuous blood which extends up to 15 days.
In the case of Istihadha, the woman is to make ghusl on the 7th day(if she has her regular period 7 days). The days after that, she still prays but she is to make wudhu for each salah.
IMPORTANT: QUESTION: If the muslim woman's period came to her in the time of prayer(EX: asr time),as she was about to pray or a few minutes near the salah, Does she makeup this prayer after the end of her period??
ANSWER: some ulama like Ibn Hazm, who mentioned it in his book Al Muhalla said YES. She is to make up that prayer, other ulama have said this is not necessary. However, it is safer to pray that salah after you become clean but is not mandatory.
Generally, the rule is as the authentic hadith of the mother of the believers, Aisha goes, the fasting missed from the period during Ramadhan is WAJIB to be made up for while the women were not ordered to make up for the prayers.
PERIOD AND FASTING:
shaykh ibn uthaymeen writes in his (Risaalah fi’l-Dima’ al-Tabee’iyyah li’l-Nisa’)
If a woman gets her menses when she is fasting, her fast becomes invalid even if that happens just before Maghrib, and she has to make up that day if it was an obligatory fast.
But if she feels that the period was coming before Maghrib, but no blood came out until after the sun set, then her fast is complete and is not invalidated, according to the correct view, because there is no ruling connected to blood that is still inside the body, and when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about a woman who sees in a dream what a man sees (i.e., an erotic dream), does she have to do ghusl? He said: “Yes, if she sees water.” So the ruling is connected to seeing water, not feeling body sensations. The same applies to menses: the rulings do not apply until it is seen outside the body, not just the body sensations.
If dawn comes when the woman is menstruating, it is not valid for her to fast that day even if she becomes pure even a moment after dawn.
If she becomes pure just before dawn and fasts, her fast is valid even if she does not do ghusl until after dawn. This is like the one who is junub – if he intends to fast when he is junub and dos not do ghusl until after dawn breaks, his fast is valid, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to wake up junub as the result of intercourse, not a wet dream, and he would fast in Ramadaan. Agreed upon.
And Allaah knows best.
--summary from a fiqh of taharah class
umm abdullah al muwahiddah