السلام عليكــم ورحمـة الله وبركاتــة ،،
عشره ذي الحجة - فضائلها
الحمد لله وحده، والصلاة والسلام على من لا نبي بعده،،، وبعد:
The Virtues of the Ten of Thul- Hijjah
1.Allah has sworn by them:
When Allah swears on something this shows the high status of that thing and its virtues, since the Mighty swears not except on something that is also mighty. Allah(ta'alla) says:
(2)وَالْفَجْرِ (1) وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ
"By the dawn;By the ten nights "[surah al fajr 1-2]
And the ten nights refer to the ten of Thul Hijjah, and this is the view of the majority of the Mufasirren from the Salaf and Khalaf, and Ibn Katheer says in His tafseer: it is saheeh.
2. They are appointed days that Allah has legislated remebrance(thikr) within them:
وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ
"..and mention the Name of Allah on appointed days, over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them.."[surah al Hajj 28]. The majority of the scholars viewed that the fixed days refer to the Ten of Thul Hijjah, among them Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas.
3. The Messenger bore witness that these days are the most virtuous(best) of the days of Dunyaa:
bn 'Abbas reports that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these days [meaning the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah]." The companions asked, "O Messenger of Allaah, not even jihad in the way of Allaah?" He said, "Not even jihad, except for the man who puts his life and wealth in danger [for Allaah's sake] and returns with neither of them." [This is related by the group except Muslim and an-Nasa'i]
4. To realize and know that the Day of 'Arafah is among these days:
It is the best of days of as-Sunnah(Islaam) according to some of the scholars due to the hadeeth, "The best of days near Allah is the Day of an-Nahr and the Day of al Qarr."[ recorded by Abu Dawud and an-Nasai verified to be Saheeh by al-Albaani]
5. The main acts of worship are unified in this day.
Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar says in al-Fath:
(And the reason for the excellence of the Ten of Thul-Hijjah is(also) due to the state of bringing together the main acts of worship in these days like the Salah, fasting, charity and the hajj, and such a thing doesnt happen except in these days.)